What is this? After a loan is closed, the subsidized portion of a borrower’s monthly payment will accrue as a separate account. The Government pays this subsidy each month to help very low and low income households
afford to own a home. This account is subject to being repaid or “recaptured” at the time a borrower
sells or transfers the property to another owner, no longer occupy the property, or pays the loan in full.
The maximum amount of recapture due will be the lesser of the amount of subsidy received or up to
50 percent of the Adjusted Value Appreciation in the property.
The Value Appreciation is based on appraised value and/or sales price at time of sale, refinance, or when the principal and interest balances are paid in full. This value excludes any of the borrower’s original equity or any value that resulted from eligible Capital Improvements that were made by the borrower. Borrowers who
refinance their Rural Development loan and want to pay off the principal and interest balance, have the
option to defer the final amount of Recapture due, or pay it off at closing. (See section below“Deferring
Payment of Recapture Due”).
There are different options provided by our Centralized Service Center (CSC) for payoffs. These are:
The Principal and Interest Payoff (P & I) is based on the anticipated principal, interest and
fee balance (if any fees have been added) for the requested date. This form of payoff is used
when the borrower’s account is not subject to recapture or if the borrower is only concerned
with the principal and interest balances due on their loan(s). As a note, all RD Section 504
repair loans are not subject to any recapture due.
required to pay as of a requested date. It includes 100% of all Subsidy Recapture funds
including Principal and Interest and any fees that are due. This statement advises borrowers to
submit additional information to CSC so that Subsidy Recapture can be properly calculated for a
Final Payoff statement.
The Estimated payoff is an estimated figure only. The Agency offers an automated Voice
P&I balance and an estimated Subsidy Recapture amount based on a hypothetical sales price or
appraised value. Please follow the directions (below) for an “Estimated Payoff”.
The Final Payoff statement is based on the account balance on the requested payoff date, and
the actual Subsidy Recapture Amount due is calculated based on the final documentation
provided by the borrower/settlement agent. This statement indicates the actual amount the
borrower will be required to pay at loan closing.
Getting the Estimated Payoff — (Recommended but not required).
Please note: This is an Estimated Figure AND CANNOT BE USED TO PAYOFF AN ACCOUNT. It
is calculated as of the date of your call. The Subsidy Recapture amount does not include any
value deductions for Capital Improvements.
Choose: 1 Touchtone – Then: 1 English Speaking – Then: 2 Payoff Information
Then: You will be asked to input the customer’s loan number and the last four digits
of their Social Security Number. Stay on the line and listen to the entire
explanation of the different types of payoff figures.
Then: Go to Calculated Payoff, “Estimated Loan Balance” – Choice Number 2. You will be
asked to input the Estimated Market Value
and the Estimated Closing Costs in
Getting a Final Payoff—applies to all transactions (ex. sale, refinance, pay in full)
1. A copy of the Residential Appraisal Report and/or a copy of the Signed Contract.
3. The Date of the Payoff. Funds are to be received at Rural Development on this date.
4. The reason for paying off the loan: selling, refinancing, pay in full, and paying the recapture, or
refinancing and deferring the Recapture (Subordination).
5. Capital Improvements that the borrower has made to the property can help to reduce the
amount of subsidy that is subject to recapture. If a borrower has made any improvements to the
property, he/she should request that the appraiser provide an addendum to the
appraisal to indicate the value of the improvements. Capital Improvements are additions that
add value to the property above and beyond repairs that maintain the property. General
maintenance to keep the property in good condition is not considered a Capital Improvement.
Examples of Capital Improvements that do not qualify: yard maintenance, painting,
wallpapering, floor coverings, roofing, siding, wells, septic systems, appliances, furnaces or
water heaters. The value of a Capital Improvement must be determined by an appraiser, based
on the increase in the property’s value because of the improvement. The cost of making the
Capital Improvement is not considered when making this assessment, only the value that the
Capital Improvements have added to the property. A copy of the original appraisal can be
requested by the borrower(s) to assist the appraiser in Capital Improvement Determinations.
6. Borrowers who refinance or wish to pay off their loan(s) and subsidy recapture in full
and remain in the property will receive a 25 percent discount on the recapture amount if it is
included in the final payment. Please be aware that the 25 percent discount only applies if the
borrower refinances the loan, or pays the loan in full and continues to occupy and retain title to
7. Borrower(s) can defer recapture and pay it off later. A mortgage discharge
Borrower(s) can defer recapture and pay it off later. A mortgage discharge is not provided,
however, the Agency can subordinate it’s lien to another lender for the new loan (see below).
8. For unpaid or deferred subsidy, the borrower will establish a “Subsidy Receivable” account
with the Agency which will not be due and payable until the borrower transfers title or
vacates the property. The borrower cannot obtain the 25 percent discount if they voluntarily
decide to pay off the balance at a later date. The “Subsidy Receivable” account will not accrue
any interest or fees.
Deferring Payment of Recapture due.
When a borrower initially refinances their RD loan(s), they have the option to defer their Recapture
payment, or pay it in full. As mentioned above and under current rules, if it is paid in full they will
receive a 25% discount in the amount of recapture owed. A Loan Subordination of the RD debt to
allow another lender to make a loan can be requested by a borrower who wishes to refinance their
Rural Development loan and payoff the principal, interest, and fees (if any) and defer the Subsidy
Recapture Amount. The borrower can receive no “cash out” or consolidate additional debt (including
other liens against the property). Modest real estate improvements may be considered as long as the
Loan to Value for the new loan and the Recapture Receivable Amount are at or below 100% of the
Current “as improved” Market Value of the property. Requests can include reasonable closing costs.
A Subordination Package for refinancing and/or making improvements to the property must be
completed and returned to the Agency for review.
The following must also be included:
If Improvements are being done, a Contractor’s Bid must be provided to the agency for
review prior to approval.
A signed, dated authorization from the borrower(s) waiving the 25 Percent Recapture
Discount in lieu of a Subordination must be provided to Rural Development. This form is
included in the Subordination Package.
A copy of a recent Uniform Residential Appraisal Report (Pages 1 and 2).
A copy of the Estimated Settlement Statement from either a lender or a closing
agency. A Good Faith Estimate is acceptable if it includes the proposed loan
If this account is a previously established Recapture Receivable Account, we will also need
a Principal and Interest payoff on the first mortgage.
After the Subordination has been approved and prior to the issuance of the Subordination, the
proposed lienholder must complete Form RD 1927-8, Agreement with Prior Lienholder, which
requires the proposed lienholder to provide at least 30 written days notice to Rural Development,
before any foreclosure actions on the proposed lien are initiated. This form is also included in the
TO COMPLETE A FINAL PAYOFF FOR
TO COMPLETE A FINAL PAYOFF FOR THE USDA/RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Your payoff request for borrower(s):_____________________________
Account Number(s)______________________ Phone Number:____________
FOR SALES, PLEASE FAX THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTS: THE ACCOUNT NUMBER MUST BE
WRITTEN ON EACH PAGE:
• Sales Contract that includes the sales price (establishing market value) and signatures of both
buyer and seller AND/OR Pages 1 and 2 of the Uniform Residential Appraisal Report (with 1st page
as property description, 2nd page to include comparison approach, the estimated market value and
the appraiser’s signature. The appraisal must be less than one year old).
• Estimated Settlement Statement detailing our borrower’s (the sellers) closing costs. THIS MUST BE
COMPLETED BY THE SETTLEMENT/ESCROW AGENT. AN ESTIMATE FROM A REAL ESTATE AGENT IS
• Authorization to release information signed by the borrower(s). If the request is from a lender or its
agent, Social Security Number(s) and Account Number(s) are acceptable.
• Effective date of payoff requested.
When the above documentation is received together as a package, a Final Payoff will be
calculated. If you are notified by the Centralized Servicing Center (CSC) that additional
information is needed to calculate the payoff, please fax the entire package together again.
Also, please be sure that the account number is written on every piece of paper. This will
expedite your payoff request.
To complete a Final Payoff Statement: PLEASE FAX ALL REQUIRED DOCUMENTATION
For Questions, you may call the Customer Service Department Toll Free at 1-800-414-1226
or TDD (hearing impaired only 1-800-438-1832
) 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday – Friday,
“USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer and lender.”
To file a complaint of discrimination write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Programs, 300 7th Street SW, Room 400 (Stop 9430),
Joel Lobb NMLS# 57916
Key Financial Mortgage NMLS# 1800
107 South Hurstbourne Parkway
Louisville Ky 40222